Thu. Jul 11th, 2024

How the Taliban silently uprooted the Afghan government

How the Taliban silently uprooted the Afghan government 3
How the Taliban silently uprooted the Afghan government 3

Last week, cities and towns in Afghanistan fell one after another to the Taliban at a speed that surprised even them.

According to an unnamed Taliban commander in the central Ghazni province, as soon as Afghan government forces saw that the US was finally leaving, their resistance dissipated.

`Those who surrendered to us did not necessarily change their views or become pious, but because there were no more dollars,` the Taliban commander said, referring to the financial support provided by the Afghan government and military.

A Taliban gunman stands guard in Ghazni city, Afghanistan, on August 14.

According to a July report by SIGAR, the US congressional agency responsible for overseeing the country’s military mission in Afghanistan, Afghan government troops in some areas have resisted the Taliban to a certain extent.

Western-backed Afghan President Ashraf Ghani fled abroad as soon as the Taliban arrived at the gates of the capital.

In a post on Twitter, acting Afghan Defense Minister Bismillah Khan Mohammadi expressed anger at President Ghani.

Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, co-founder and deputy leader of the Taliban, who currently heads the force’s political department, said they achieved a resounding victory, but also unexpectedly quickly.

To prepare for the fight to regain control of the country, the Taliban spent months cultivating relationships with low-ranking political and military officials, and tribal elders.

`The Taliban do not want to go to war. Instead, they want to create political collapse,` assessed Asfandyar Mir, a South Asia security analyst at Stanford University in the US.

Suhail Shaheen, a Taliban spokesman, said they had gained control of many localities through a common tactic in Afghanistan of persuading opponents to switch sides, using traditional outreach.

`We have had direct dialogue with the security forces there, through the intermediary of tribal elders and religious scholars, not just in a certain province or location, but across Afghanistan,` he said.

After being overthrown in 2001, the Taliban gradually rebuilt their forces, with financial resources from drug trafficking and illegal mining.

Instead, the Taliban often attacks remote areas and isolated checkpoints, while spreading fear in urban areas with suicide bombings.

In the northern and western regions, where the Taliban movement is weaker, this mainly Pashtun force has tried to attract support and persuade Tajiks, Uzbeks and many other ethnicities.

`We have mujahideen and fighters in every area, including Panjshir, Balkh and Kandahar provinces,` said Waheedullah Hashimi, a senior Taliban commander.

How the Taliban silently uprooted the Afghan government

Twice the Taliban entered the Afghan capital

Twice the Taliban took over the capital of Afghanistan.

Deputy leader Baradar, one of the key strategists who helped the Taliban win, has tried to maintain a united front between the Taliban’s political leadership and fighters across the country, despite occasional appearances.

`Our security commanders and senior members of other committees are from local ethnicities. That’s why they were able to establish control over those localities through negotiations and

In fact, right after US President Joe Biden confirmed the agreement that the previous administration reached with the Taliban, this Muslim group’s long campaign in the provinces quickly paid off.

After taking over remote rural areas, the Taliban laid siege to border posts and border crossings, cutting off an important source of government revenue and support from local tribes, which usually receive a large sum of money.

The strategy has severely weakened the government of Western-trained and US-backed academic Ghani, but has little support outside Kabul and poor relations even with some critics.

The Afghan president, a Pashtun, is also not trusted by members of other ethnic groups and must rely on support from leaders of the former Northern Alliance, the force that overthrew the Taliban with US support.

However, the Taliban’s persistent efforts have weakened the support system that helps these leaders maintain power.

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